Aim: Reduce the country's birth rate thus, slowing the population growth rate
Background Info: (1950) Population growth: 1.9%/year
Previous Chinese governments had encouraged people to have a lot of children to increase the country's workforce. But by the 1970s the government realised that current rates of population growth would soon become unsustainable.
-Those who had more than one child didn't receive these benefits and were fined.
-The policy was keenly resisted in rural areas, where it was traditional to have large families.
-Women who became pregnant after they had already had a child, were forced to have an abortion with many forcibly fertilized
-Rate of population growth: 0.7 per cent%/year
-Due to a traditional preference for boys, large numbers of female babies have ended up homeless or in orphanages, and in some cases killed. As a result, the gender balance of the Chinese population has become distorted. Today, it is thought that men outnumber women by more than 60 million.
-Couples can now apply to have a second child if their first child is a girl, or if both parents are themselves only-children.
While China's population is now rising more slowly, it still has a very large total population (1.3 billion in 2008)
-Falling birth rate; leading to a rise in the relative number of elderly people(ageing population)
Monday, 19 January 2015
Nature.Africa experiences droughts, hence, water was scarce. This directly decreased crop yield. Worsening the situation, Africa was highly populated and the scarce food would be shared among more people. The undesirable environment caused people to suffer from thirst and hunger.
Africa experiences droughts, hence, water was scarce. This directly decreased crop yield. Worsening the situation, Africa was highly populated and the scarce food would be shared among more people. The undesirable environment created by nature caused people to suffer from thirst and hunger. We are unable to control what nature do. Take for example in the Kevin Carter's picture, the girl had the disease. The vulture was also there eyeing at the girl, waiting for its food. All these happen because of nature. Also, Kevin was unable to help the girl for fear of getting the disease. It's nature for vultures to prey on dying animals, so the vulture would naturally wait for the girl to die and feed on her later on.